# Illustrations in Informational Texts— Let’s Practise!

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## Basics on the topicIllustrations in Informational Texts— Let’s Practise!

Illustrations are used in informational texts to help us with understanding the text. They can include photographs, maps, graphs and diagrams.

### TranscriptIllustrations in Informational Texts— Let’s Practise!

Goopaw says get ready to practise identifying illustrations in informational texts. Remember, informational texts can include illustrations such as photographs, maps, diagrams and graphs! Here is an illustration from a science book. What illustration do you see here? We see a graph! This graph shows us the height of plants over time. This is useful if you're learning about plants and how long they take to grow! Let's look at this illustration from a geography book. What illustration do you see here? This is a map! It shows us the borders of countries in Europe. Here the map is labelled Europe and we can see the countries. Here is an illustration in a sports book. What illustration do you see here? We see a photograph! This photograph shows us a baseball stadium. The caption tells us it is a photograph of a baseball stadium! Here is the final illustration, which is about gardening. What illustration do you see here? This is a diagram! It shows us a tomato plant and has labels to show us the different parts of the tomato plant! This can be useful when identifying tomato plants, and learning when your tomatoes will be ready to harvest! Goopaw had so much fun practising with you today! See you next time!

## Illustrations in Informational Texts— Let’s Practise! exercise

Would you like to apply the knowledge you’ve learnt? You can review and practice it with the tasks for the video Illustrations in Informational Texts— Let’s Practise!.
• ### Can you sort the types of illustrations?

Hints

Photographs are real images taken with a camera, they are not drawings.

Graphs can include a variety of charts.

Maps show places like continents and cities.

Diagrams label images such as plants and animals.

Solution

• ### How do these types of illustration help us to understand information texts?

Hints

What data does this graph tell us?

What does this photograph show us?

Solution

Graph

• Makes numbers easier to understand by showing them as pictures or bars.
Photograph
• Shows real things to help us understand the text better and picture things more accurately.
Map
• Shows us where things are, like countries, rivers and mountains.
Diagram
• Labels pictures and explains how things work.

• ### Which is the matching illustration?

Hints

Read the text carefully. It is about flowers but which illustration matches correctly?

The matching illustration is a diagram.

Solution

This is the correct answer; the diagram showing the parts of a plant.

• ### What can these illustrations tell us?

Hints

Look at each image and think about the information it is showing us.

Here are different examples of the four illustration types.

Solution
1. This graph tells us what type of weather there was on a number of days. We can tell that there were four sunny days.
2. Here we can see a photograph showing wind turbines by the water.
3. This is a diagram showing different parts of a butterfly's body. We can see they have a head, antennae and wings.
4. Here is a map of Europe. We can see countries and borders in Europe including the United Kingdom.
• ### What are these types of illustrations?

Hints

Photographs display real-life scenes or objects to help us grasp the story more easily.

Graphs visually represent numerical information, making it simpler to understand trends and relationships in the story.

Solution

• ### What type of illustration would work best?

Hints

Think about how each type of illustration—photographs, maps, diagrams and graphs—can contribute different perspectives and information to the understanding of climate change impacts on polar bear populations.

Look at words in bold to help decide which type of illustration the author is talking about.

Which type of illustration shows us real life images?

Look carefully at where the capital letters are.

Solution

For a scientific report discussing the impact of climate change on polar bear populations, a combination of photographs, maps and graphs would provide the most comprehensive understanding of the issue.

Photographs could show the real-life effects of melting ice caps and habitat loss on polar bear habitats.

Maps could illustrate the geographic distribution of polar bear populations and their habitats, highlighting regions most affected by climate change.

Graphs could depict data on temperature trends, sea ice extent and polar bear population dynamics over time, providing quantitative insights into the relationship between climate change and polar bear populations.