Multiplication and Money
Basics on the topic Multiplication and Money
Multiplication and Money
What is money multiplication? Follow along as we learn more about multiplying with money and multidigit multiplication with money. Below we will explore more about multiplying money decimals.
How to do Multiplication with Money
How do you multiply with money? Many people find the total cost of something by adding up money. But, you can use multiplication to count money in a more efficient way. You can multiply the cost of one item by how many people buy it. When you are multiplying amounts of money with decimal points it can be helpful to take out the decimal points while multiplying as whole numbers and then put them back in at the end. When multiplying money with decimal points, follow these steps:
Step #  What to do 

1  Start by setting up the equation. 
2  Multiply as whole numbers. 
3  Circle the digits to the right of the decimal point. 
4  Count the digits to the right of the decimal point. 
5  Put the pounds sign on. 
Money Multiplying – Examples
Imagine you want to sell muffins and one box costs £4.25. Five people want to buy a box of muffins, how much money will you make?
Start by creating a multiplication equation, here it is four pounds and twentyfive pence times five.
Next, multiply as whole numbers. Four hundred and twenty five times five equals two thousand one hundred and twentyfive.
Then, circle the digits to the right of the decimal point and put the decimal point back in.
Finally, put the pounds sign on to find the cost!
You will receive twentyone pounds and twentyfive pence from selling your muffins.
Multiplication with Money – Summary
Remember multiplication of money works practically the same as multiplication operations with different items or just numbers. Just keep in mind that you need to add the pounds sign after writing the numbers. Let’s repeat the steps necessary for multiplication with money.
Start by setting up the equation.
Next, multiply as whole numbers.
After that, circle the digits to the right of the decimal point.
Then, count the digits to the right of the decimal point.
Finally, put the pounds sign on.
Check out our other money multiplying ideas resources and further work on multiplying money KS2 with our interactive exercises and multiplying money worksheets featuring multiplying money word problems and more.
Transcript Multiplication and Money
"Oh no, these tickets are too expensive." "I know! Let's do some baking and have a sale!" Zuri and Freddie are raising money to go to the adventure park. To help them know how much money they have earned, we can use "Multiplication and Money". Many people find the total by ADDING up money. But, you can use multiplication to count money in a more efficient way. Zuri and Freddie are selling four kinds of treats. Their first treat, the brownie box, costs five pounds and fifty pence. If eight people bought a box of brownies, how much money will Zuri and Freddie get? We COULD add the boxes like in repeated addition. OR, we can use multiplication by using the price for ONE box and the NUMBER of people who buy the boxes. When multiplying money, start by creating an equation. Each box costs five pounds and fifty pence, if there are eight boxes, how much will Zuri and Freddie earn? Next take out the decimal point, we'll put it back in later. Now we want to solve the equation five hundred and fifty times eight. Then, multiply as if it were a whole number. Five hundred and fifty TIMES eight equals four thousand four hundred. Next, let's put the decimal back in. There are two digits to the right of the decimal point. So, the solution ALSO needs two digits to the right of the decimal point. That is where we put the decimal point! Our new number will be fortyfour decimal point zero zero. Zuri and Freddie will earn fortyfour pounds for their brownies. They are also selling chocolate chip cookies! If each box costs six pounds and fortyfive pence, and seven people buy boxes, how much money will they earn? Remember, start by creating a multiplication equation. We can write six pounds and fortyfive pence times seven. Next, take out the decimal point and multiply as if they were whole numbers. Six hundrerd and fortyfive TIMES seven equals four thousand five hundred and fifteen. Then, we can count the number of digits to the right of the decimal point and put the decimal point back in. Our number will change to fortyfive decimal point fifteen. Zuri and Freddie will earn fortyfive pounds and fifteen pence from selling chocolate chip cookies. However, Zuri and Freddie are also selling blueberry muffins! If each box costs four pounds and twentyfive pence, and five people bought boxes, how much money will they have earned? Start with the equation, how can you set it up? Write four pounds and twentyfive pence times five. Next multiply as if they were whole numbers, what did you get when you multiplied? Four hundred and twentyfive TIMES five equals two thousand one hundred and twentyfive. Then count the digits and find the decimal point. Here the decimal point will go two digits in from the right. Now we can read it as money! Zuri and Freddie will get twentyone pounds and twentyfive pence. Finally, Zuri and Freddie have cake pops! Try this one on your own. Each box of cake pops costs three pounds and seventyfive pence, and four people buy a box of cake pops. How much will Zuri and Freddie earn? Pause the video while you work on this problem. Zuri and Freddie will receive fifteen pounds. Before we see if Zuri and Freddie made enough money, let's summarise. When multiplying with money, remember to start by creating an equation. Next, take the decimal point out and multiply as if the numbers were whole numbers. Then count the digits and put the decimal point back in. Finally, put the pounds sign! I wonder if Freddie and Zuri earned enough to go to the Bee's Knees Adventure park?
Multiplication and Money exercise

Which items can this customer buy?
HintsCheck the number of boxes and how much one box is worth. Multiply these to find the total price.
For example: If there were 4 boxes of brownies that each cost £5.00, we would find the total like this.
SolutionThe customer could have bought:
 two boxes of buns
 three boxes of biscuits.
If we multiply £3.00 by 2 we get £6.00.

Which gift card does the customer need to use?
HintsRemember you are solving £3.50 x 4. Take the decimal point out to help you so it becomes 350p x 4.
Try writing out the problem like this. Multiply the ones place first, then the tens, then the hundreds.
Don't forget to add the decimal point back in.
SolutionThey should use the gift card worth £14.00.
Here we can see how we reached the answer.
 If we multiply 0 by 4 we get 0, so we write that in the ones place.
 We then multiply 5 by 4 which is 20. We write 0 in the tens column and then carry the 2.
 Then we multiply the 3 by the 4 which is 12, and add the 2 to get 14 which we write below.
 Don't forget to add the decimal point back in. Count two places from the right as these two digits represent the pence.
 We then get the answer £14.00.

Can you match the boxes to the price?
HintsLook at how much one box costs and then multiply it by the number shown in each picture.
For example, if we were working out how much two boxes of brownies cost, we would do it like this.
Don't forget to add on any numbers you have carried over.
SolutionFour boxes of brownies costs £11.00.
 We first multiplied 5 x 4 to get 20. We write 0 in the ones column then carry the 2 across.
 We then multiply 7 x 4 to get 28. We add the 2 to 28 to get 30. We write 0 in the tens column and carry the 3 across.
 Next, we multiply 2 x 4 to get 8. We add the 3 to the 8 to get 11. We write 11 in the hundreds and thousands columns.
 We can then count two digits in from the right to find where the decimal point goes to represent the pence.
 Therefore the total cost is £11.00.
Using the same method:
 Five boxes of chocolate chip cookies costs £9.25.
 Six boxes of lemon cake slices costs £19.20.
 Three boxes of cake pops costs 11.70.

What could be bought with each gift card?
HintsHave a look at how much one box costs and then multiply it by the number shown.
If we saw a biscuit and then x 3, we would be working out £1.50 x 3 like this.
Can you use your knowledge of multiplication and times tables to help you?
SolutionHere is an example of what we could get with each gift card.
If we multiply the price of one box by the number shown in each picture we get the following answers:
For the £6.00 gift card a customer could get:
 3 boxes of chocolate biscuits
 4 boxes of biscuits
 2 boxes of doughnuts
 3 boxes of doughnuts
 2 boxes of croissants
 4 boxes of doughnuts
 6 boxes of chocolate biscuits
 8 boxes of biscuits

How much does the customer need to pay?
HintsRemember to start multiplying in the ones column, then move to the tens, and then the hundreds.
Don't forget to add any numbers you have carried over.
SolutionHere is the completed multiplication equation. The customer owes Freddie and Zuri £7.95.
 We first multiplied 5 x 3 to get 15. We write 5 in the ones column then carry the 1 across.
 We then multiply 6 x 3 to get 18. We add the 1 to 18 to get 19. We write 9 in the tens column and carry the 1 across.
 Next, we multiply 2 x 3 to get 6. We add the 1 to the 6 to get 7. We write 7 in the hundreds column.
 We can then count two digits in from the right to find where the decimal point goes. The decimal point goes between the 7 and 9.
 Therefore the total cost is £7.95.

Can you help order the boxes at the baking stand?
HintsLook at how much one box costs and then multiply it by the number shown.
For example, if we wanted to know the cost of three boxes of jam tarts, we would solve it like this.
Could you work out the total price of each set of boxes using pen and paper first and then order them?
SolutionThese are the correctly ordered items from cheapest to most expensive.
 Two boxes of cheesecake slices costs £8.30.
 Four boxes of flapjacks costs £9.40.
 Six boxes of jam tarts costs £10.50.
 Three boxes of apple pie slices costs £10.95.