Closey Related Adjectives
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Basics on the topic Closey Related Adjectives
Learn about shades of meaning and how some adjectives can be stronger or weaker than others in this video about closely related adjectives.
Transcript Closey Related Adjectives
When the great debate began, Koko, Pip and Bertha were enjoying a night under the stars! "Time to roast some hot dogs! They are so good!" "They are okay, but roasted s'mores are outstanding!" "They are too messy!" "Let Bertha decide who has the better food idea, and quickly, because I'm hungry!" If Pip and Koko want to persuade Bertha to like their choice, they need to learn about closely related adjectives. Synonyms are words that are closely related in meaning or are similar. An adjective, or describing word, can also have synonyms! Weaker or stronger adjectives can help us show what we want to explain. The differences between the weaker and stronger adjectives are called ‘shades of meaning.’ This is because some words may be more powerful than the others when describing nouns. Let's look at the adjectives Koko and Pip used. Koko said that hot dogs are ‘good’. Pip said that they were ‘okay’, but s'mores were ‘outstanding’. ‘Good’, ‘okay’ and ‘outstanding’ are all adjectives to describe the quality of something. Even though these adjectives are all closely related, let’s think about putting them in order from weakest description to strongest. ‘Okay’ would be the weakest adjective because it means that you will accept something, but don't feel that strongly about it. The next adjective would be ‘good’. When something is good, it is a general way to say we like it. ‘Outstanding’ is the strongest adjective because it means the quality is standing out when compared to others. Let's look at another example. Koko said that s'mores were messy. ‘Filthy’ and ‘dirty’ also mean messy. Think about these descriptions. Filthy, messy, dirty. Which is the weakest description? ‘Messy’. If something is messy, it is untidy. Which description would come next? ‘Dirty’ is next because it means that it is untidy and also unclean. ‘Filthy’ is the strongest description because it means extremely untidy and unclean. Although ‘filthy’ is the most powerful adjective it doesn't mean we always choose it. Sometimes we may need to choose a weaker description to match the situation. In this situation, ‘messy’ is the best choice. Here's one to try on your own. Pip said he was hungry. ‘Famished’ and ‘starving’ also mean ‘hungry’. Put these closely related adjectives in order from weakest to strongest. ‘Hungry’ would be the weakest description because it means you are feeling like you are ready to eat. ‘Starving’ is next because it describes an uncomfortable feeling from needing to eat and ‘famished’ is the strongest. It is an extreme level of hunger. Before we see how our campers are doing, let's review. Remember, adjectives are words that describe nouns and they can have synonyms. Weaker or stronger adjectives can help us show what we want to explain. The differences between the weaker and stronger adjectives are called ‘shades of meaning’. This is because some words may be more powerful than the others when describing nouns. The story will determine what shade of meaning to use! "Hot dogs!" "S'mores!" "Hot dogs!" "S'mores!" Looks like Bertha has decided on a s’more-dog!
Closey Related Adjectives exercise
What are synonyms?Hints
An example of synonyms are happy and glad.
Remember, synonyms are closely related in meaning.Solution
Synonyms are words that are closely related in meaning, but have little differences between them.
For example: sad and upset are synonyms.
What are the synonyms?Hints
Synonyms are words that are different but have similar meanings, like sleepy and tired.Solution
Two synonyms for big are giant and large. These words are similar in meaning. We can say "Earth is big!" We can also say Earth is large or giant!
Pair the synonyms.Hints
Remember, synonyms are words that are closely related in meaning, but they have little differences between them.
Sick and nauseous are synonyms. They both are used when someone is not feeling well. You can say "I feel sick" or "I feel nauseous", since they have similar meanings.
If happy and overjoyed were listed, you would pair them together. They have similar meanings.Solution
The synonyms are:
These pairs show synonyms: words with similar meanings.
Sort the adjectives.Hints
Remember, some adjectives are weaker and some are stronger. Which of these is the strongest adjective: good, funny, or hilarious?
When you tell a really funny joke, what word would you use to describe it? Good, funny, or hilarious?Solution
The weakest adjective is good, because it means that you will accept something but don't feel that strongly about it.
The next adjective is funny, because it is better than good, but not as strong as hilarious.
The strongest adjective is hilarious, because it describes something very, very, very funny!
What are the differences between weaker and stronger adjectives called?Hints
Remember, the difference between closely related adjectives has to do with meaning.
strong and tough are synonyms, because they have similar meanings.Solution
The differences between closely related adjectives is called shades of meaning.
Categorise the words based on shades of meaning.Hints
There are synonym pairs in this list, one weaker and one stronger. Look at big and massive.
I built a big lego tower.
I built a massive lego tower.
Which adjective is weaker, and which is stronger?
Use the words out loud - which words have a stronger impact in a sentence?
Identify the words that are synonyms, then sort them into weaker and stronger based on their shades of meaning.
Look at the synonym pairs present to help decide weak and strong adjectives:
Above, Below & Beside
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