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Team Digital

Basics on the topic Fire

Oh! Uma has baked a cake for the birthday boy! Do you want to light the candles, Uma? But it looks like Uma has no fire. Learn about the meaning of fire as an important basic element.

Fire exercise

Would you like to apply the knowledge you’ve learnt? You can review and practice it with the tasks for the video Fire.
  • What are the basic elements?


    The sea is an example of one of the elements.

    Wind is an example of one of the elements.


    The basic elements are: fire, air, earth and water.

  • What are some ways that a fire can happen in nature?


    The sun can dry out grass and leaves and with a little spark, a fire can break out.

    These two stones can start a fire when knocked together.


    Fires can happen in nature from:

    • volcanic eruptions
    • lightning striking a tree
    • sun-dried forests breaking out in fires from a little spark
    • colliding flint and pyrite stones together

  • How has our view of fire changed over time?


    In early human history, people saw fire naturally occurring and didn't know what to do with it.

    In the modern-day, people use candle lighters and matches for lighting things such as candles.


    Using fire has evolved, or changed over time, from early people first learning how to use and manage fire to current, modern-day inventions. This picture shows the evolution of fire as:

    • fire occurring naturally
    • early people using fire
    • people learning how to make fire themselves with flint and pyrite stones
    • modern inventions using fire, such as the match

  • What are these fire inventions called?


    A bow drill consists of a rod that has a piece of cord wrapped around it.

    A fire plough is made when two pieces of wood are rubbed together, sometimes with a friction stick.


    Some fire inventions are:

    • flint and pyrite
    • bow drill
    • fire plough
    • match

  • What are some ways that fire can be used?


    How is fire being used here?

    What can be used to light a candle?


    Fire can be used for:

    • cooking
    • campfire
    • lighting things with a candle lighter or lighter

  • Identify the ways people can make and use fire.


    Are these people using or making a fire?

    Are these people using or making a fire?

    There are four ways to make fire and three ways to use fire.


    This image shows some ways that you can make and use fire.