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Animals and Plants at the Pond

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Basics on the topic Animals and Plants at the Pond

Join Newton and find out about animals and plants that live in and around ponds.

Transcript Animals and Plants at the Pond

Newton is going on a very special discovery tour today. Ze has read about a coontail and wants to find out what that is. In zir research, Newton searches the zones of the pond and discovers the animals and plants at the pond. Let's discover the zones at the pond together with Newton. The zones of the pond show us where different animals and plants live. There are a total of three zones. The first zone, the littoral zone, is where the water meets the land. This is located closest to the shore where aquatic, or water plants grow. Reeds are an aquatic grass that grows in this zone, along with other plants, such as the bulrush. Oh, what's this? A mallard in its nest! Newton shouldn't fly too close. The pond is now getting deeper and Newton has to think about how ze can breathe under water for the next zone. Oh, what do we have here? A water spider. This spider knows a trick for diving. It takes an air bubble underwater! Newton tries it and sets out on the way to the limnetic zone. This is a well-lit, open surface area of the pond where living things reside and vegetation can grow, for example, the beautiful water lily. There are all kinds of small fish that hide underneath them such as minnows. In the profundal zone, the water is deep enough for large fish and plants to grow completely underwater. This is where carp live, so they can look for food on the ground, and pike. This one is hunting for smaller fish. Will Newton finally find the coontail on the bottom of the pond? Look, there it is, the coontail is a plant! Hurry back to the surface, Newton! Before you run out of air! Newton feels much more comfortable up here! While ze takes a little break, we can summarise what you learned today. There are three zones at the pond: The first zone is the Littoral Zone with the reed, bulrush and the mallard. The second zone is the Limnetic Zone with the water lily and the minnow. The third and last zone is the Profundal Zone with large fish such as carp, pike and plants like the coontail. That was a great discovery tour! We learned a lot today. What will Newton do now? Ze is already looking for the next adventure.

Animals and Plants at the Pond exercise

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  • The zones of the pond.

    Hints

    Here are some plants growing in the pond.

    Here is an image of the zones of the pond.

    Solution

    The three zones of the pond show us where different plants and animals live.

    Let's explore the different zones in more detail!

  • What is each zone of the pond called?

    Hints

    You may find plants like this in the Littoral Zone of a pond.

    The Profundal Zone of a pond is home to larger fish like this that need lots of room to swim!

    Solution

    The three zones for the pond are:

    The Littoral Zone is where the water meets the land.

    The Limnetic Zone is a well-lit zone of the pond where living things and plants can grow.

    The Profundal Zone is where the water is deep enough for large fish and plants to grow.

  • Where in the pond can you find the plants and animals?

    Hints

    The three zones for the pond are:

    The Littoral Zone is where the water meets the land.

    The Limnetic Zone is a well-lit zone of the pond where living things and plants can grow.

    The Profundal Zone is where the water is deep enough for large fish and plants to grow.

    The carp and the pike are large fish, so they would need a lot of space to swim around.

    The Limnetic Zone should have two images assigned to it.

    Solution

    You can see all of the correct answers in the picture here.

    Reeds, bulrush and mallard ducks are some of the living things we would find in the Littoral Zone.

    Water lilies and small fish like minnows can be found in the Limnetic Zone.

    Large fish like carp and pike, and plants like coontail, can be found in the Profundal Zone.

  • What do you know about the different zones?

    Hints

    A mallard duck can swim in the pond and walk on land.

    The pike needs deep water in which to swim around.

    The minnow is a small fish that does not need deep water in which to swim!

    Solution

    The Littoral Zone is where the water meets the land. Animals that can live on land and in water are found here, such as the mallard duck. Aquatic plants like reed and bulrush are also found here.

    The Limnetic Zone is a well-lit open area of the pond. Small fish like the minnow live here as well as water spiders.

    The Profundal Zone has the deepest water where large plants and fish can grow. Large fish like the carp and pike live here.

  • Which zone of the pond is it?

    Hints

    Pike is a type of large fish. You'd find it in the Profundal Zone.

    Mallard ducks can build their nest on land in the Littoral Zone.

    A minnow is a type of small fish that lives in the Limnetic zone.

    Solution

    The Littoral Zone is where the water meets the land and is located closest to the shore. Aquatic plants like reeds and bulrush grow here.

    The Limnetic Zone is a well-lit, open surface area where things like small fish live and water lilies grow.

    The Profundal Zone is the deepest part of the water. Large fish and plants grow here.

  • Where could you find this animal in the pond?

    Hints

    If the animal is a type of fish, it can't go on land.

    Think about where in the pond you would find the plant coontail.

    A large fish would need a lot of space to swim, so it is unlikely to be found by the shore.

    Solution

    The animal is likely to be found in the Profundal Zone.

    • We know the animal is a fish. A fish cannot reside in the Littoral Zone because it cannot live on land.
    • A larger fish needs room to swim; there is more space in the Profundal Zone.
    • The large aquatic plant, coontail, is found in the Profundal Zone.