Two Ways of Sharing
Basics on the topic Two Ways of Sharing
Division by Grouping
Division by sharing and grouping are a little bit different. Division by sharing is when we know the number being divided and the number of groups, and we need to find out the number in each group. What is division by grouping? The division by grouping method happens when we know how many we need to divide into groups, and we need to find out the number of groups.
Division by Grouping – Example
Here we can see an example of division by grouping problems. The image below shows how to solve by dividing in groups. You can see that there are six circles and we need to divide by equal grouping.
There are two ways we can divide six. One way we can divide six is into two groups of three. Another way we can divide six is three groups of two.
Division by Grouping – Worksheets
The table below shows how the method of division by grouping differs from division by sharing.
Method  What to do 

division by grouping  It is known how many we need to divide into groups, and we need to find out the number of groups. 
division by sharing  The number being divided and the number of groups is known, and we need to find out the number in each group. 
Have you practiced yet? On this website you can practice division by grouping and find division by grouping worksheets, division by grouping word problems along with other activities, and exercises.
Transcript Two Ways of Sharing
Mr. Squeaks and Imani are in Egypt and decide to explore a pyramid. They notice some of the hieroglyphics, or ancient writings, on the wall next to a closed door. It looks like a division problem! Maybe if they solve it the door will open so they can explore further! Let's help Mr. Squeaks and Imani by calculating, "Two Ways of Sharing in Division". When we divide, we break a number up into an equal number of parts, or groups. We will be practicing TWO DIFFERENT WAYS to share numbers into equal groups. First on the wall, there are six circles. One way we can share six into equal groups is to make TWO groups of THREE. What is another way to share six into equal groups? We can also make THREE groups of TWO. What do you notice about the two different ways to share? They are factor pairs of six! Remember, factor pairs are two numbers that are multiplied together to make a product, in this case the number six! When we calculate different ways to share into equal groups, we can use the factor pairs to help us! We found two ways to share six, so the door is open! Wow! Look at all of the jars on the other side, but how do we get over there? If we calculate two ways to share fifteen, a bridge might appear! What is one way to share fifteen into equal groups? We can make THREE groups of FIVE. Thinking about the factor pairs, what is another way to share FIFTEEN into equal groups? We can make FIVE groups of THREE. Since we calculated two ways to share fifteen the bridge has appeared! Now, Mr. Squeaks and Imani are at another door. Let's help them calculate two ways to share twentyone and maybe we'll see what's inside! This time try to find both ways on your own! Pause the video so you have time to work, and press play again when you're ready to see the answer!
First, we can make THREE groups of SEVEN and then SEVEN groups of THREE! We found both ways to share twentyone! It worked, but before we see what's inside the door, let's summarise. Remember, when we divide, we break a number up into an equal number of parts, or groups. We can identify different ways to share numbers into equal groups using factor pairs. Let's check in with Mr. Squeaks and Imani to see what's behind the door. Oh! What do we have here?! It looks like this mummy is excited to see them!
Two Ways of Sharing exercise

Which number is being shared?
HintsWhat is the total number of counters in each array?
For example, this array is made of two rows of two, so the number being shared is 4.
SolutionThe number being shared here is 15.
It has been shared into:
 Five rows of three
 Three rows of five
The other numbers being shared are:
6
 Two rows of three
 Three rows of two
 Two rows of four
 Four rows of two
 Three rows of four
 Four rows of three

Match the two ways of sharing.
HintsWhich number is being represented by the array? Can you find a matching partner?
For example, both of these arrays represent eight.
Four rows of two equals eight, and two rows of four equals eight.
SolutionHere we can see the matching arrays.
10
 Two rows of five
 Five rows of two
 Two rows of seven
 Seven rows of two
 Three rows of six
 Six rows of three
 Four rows of five
 Five rows of four

Highlight two ways of sharing.
HintsFind the total of each array and then find another one with the same total.
For example, here we have two ways of sharing 20.
SolutionHere are the two ways of sharing each number.
21
 Three rows of seven
 Seven rows of three
 We can see these in green
 Four rows of six
 Six rows of four
 We can see these in yellow
 Three rows of nine
 Nine rows of three
 We can see these in blue
 Five rows of six
 Six rows of five
 We can see these in violet

Can you fill in the gaps?
HintsLook at the first way of sharing and think about what a second way could be.
For example, here we can see four ways of sharing twelve.
You could draw an array to help you find the other ways of sharing.
SolutionHere we have four ways of sharing each number.
_______________________________________________________
24
 Three lots of eight and eight lots of three
 Four lots of six and six lots of four
 Four lots of eight and eight lots of four
 Sixteen lots of two and two lots of sixteen
 Four lots of ten and ten lots of four
 Five lots of eight and eight lots of five
 Six lots of eight and eight lots of six
 Four lots of twelve and twelve lots of four

Can you find the other way to share twelve?
HintsWhich array represents twelve?
If we know two rows of six equals twelve, how could we flip this to find another way of sharing twelve?
SolutionThe correct answer is six rows of two. This also equals twelve.

How many ways can these numbers be shared?
HintsThink about all of the factors of these numbers.
For example, twelve has six ways of sharing:
 1 x 12
 2 x 6
 3 x 4
 4 x 3
 6 x 2
 12 x 1
Draw arrays to help you work out how many ways you could share each number.
SolutionThe grid shows you how many ways we could share each of these numbers.
Each way of sharing can be drawn as an array. For example, 8 can be shared four ways.
 One row of eight
 Two rows of four
 Four rows of two
 Eight rows of one
8
 1 x 8
 2 x 4
 4 x 2
 8 x 1
 1 x 16
 2 x 8
 4 x 4
 8 x 2
 16 x 1
 1 x 20
 2 x 10
 4 x 5
 5 x 4
 10 x 2
 20 x 1
 1 x 24
 2 x 12
 3 x 8
 4 x 6
 6 x 4
 8 x 3
 12 x 2
 24 x 1