# Telling time to Five Minutes

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## Telling Time to the Nearest 5 Minutes

How can you tell time using an analog clock? In this lesson we’ll explore more on how you can use what you know about counting in fives and clocks to learn about telling the time to the nearest 5 minutes.

## The Clock – Hour and Minute Hands

When telling the time to 5 minutes with an analogue clock we can use the arrows, often called hands, to help us work out which is the hour and the minute. The hour hand is the shorter arrow, you might remember this because the word hour is short.

The minute hand is the longer arrow on the clock. You might remember this because the word minute is longer than the word hour.

## Counting in Steps – A Useful Method

Counting in steps is when you count forward by a specific amount. You can count forward in steps of five, ten or steps of one hundred to name a few. In this video we’re counting in fives to help us in reading the time to 5 minutes.

## Telling Time to the Nearest 5 Minutes – Example

Below is an example of an analogue clock displaying a certain period of time that has passed. How can you find out how much time has passed? Start by finding the hour, you can do this by looking at the last number the hour hand passed. The last number the hour hand passed here was one, so the hour is one. Next find the minute by counting forwards. In this example we counted forwards in fives. This is helpful because each hour is shown five minutes apart on an analogue clock. If we count forwards in fives, we find the time to the nearest five minutes is 1:20. So, in total, 20 minutes have passed.

## Telling Time to the Nearest 5 Minutes – Summary

Remember when telling time to the nearest five minutes you should complete the following tasks:

Step one: Find the hour by looking at what number the hour hand last passed.
Step two: Find the minute by counting forward in steps.
Step three: Put the hour and minute together to find the time.

## Telling Time to the Nearest 5 Minutes – Additional Practice

At the end of the video, there are exercises as well as games for continued practice of telling time to the nearest five minutes as well as a worksheet for exercising telling the time to the nearest 5 minutes.

### TranscriptTelling time to Five Minutes

"Zuri and Freddie on behalf of the International Animals of Space Organization thank you for accepting the space exploration project. " You should have received the tasks already, it's very important that you complete each task on time. "I'll see you this afternoon for the video log check in. Good luck!" "Do you think we'll see any aliens? I hope we see aliens!" "We have a problem though, I don't know how to use these clocks. They aren't like the ones I have at home." "Oh it's not that hard, we can count in fives to help us!" "Let's take a look at the tasks!" "Telling Time to Five Minutes" Let's take a look at what Zuri and Freddie need to complete today. Zuri and Freddie need to start collecting space dust, but at what time? How can we read an analog clock to know the time? One way is that we can count in steps of five.

Start by finding the hour. We can do this by finding the last number the SHORT hand, or the hour hand last passed. Here the last number the hour hand passed was TWELVE so the hour is twelve. Then count in fives to the minute hand, or the long hand. When we count in fives on an analog clock we make hops around the clock, and every number we land on stands for five minutes. Count out loud with us! five, ten, fifteen, twenty, twenty-five, thirty, thirty-five, forty, forty-five. We counted forward in fives to the minute hand and got to forty-five so the minute is forty-five. If we put the hour and minute together we get the time, 12:45. After that, Zuri and Freddie need to polish the rings on Saturn. Let’s find out what time it is on the schedule by counting in fives. Start by finding the hour. Can you find the last number the hour hand passed? The hour is one. Then we can count in fives to get the minute. Count in fives with me! Five, ten, fifteen, twenty. So the minute is twenty! If we put the hour and minute together our time is 1:20. Now Zuri and Freddie need to rearrange the stars to make a new constellation but at what time? Remember to start by finding the hour first by looking at the last number the hour hand passed what is the hour shown here? The hour is two.

What about the minute? Let's count in fives to find the minute. What minute did you get to? If we count in fives we get the minute twenty-five. Let's put the hour and minute together, our time is 2:25. Zuri and Freddie are very busy in space and need to count how many moons there are around Jupiter. What time do Zuri and Freddie need to do that? Remember to start by finding the hour. Which hour did you find? Next count in fives to get to the minute hand Then put the hour and minute together. What time did you get? The hour is three and the minute is fifty so the time is 3:50

Last but not least Zuri and Freddie need to check in with the space commander with their walkie-talkies. This is important so they shouldn't be late. What time do they need to check in?

Did you get 4:30? Before we check in with the space commander, let's summarize. Remember when telling time to five minutes you start by finding the hour, or the last number the short hand has passed. Then you can find the minutes by counting forward in fives. Once you have the hour and minute, you can put them together to find the time. "So, how was the mission? Did you see anything unusual?" "Everyone thinks Jupiter has 53 moons, but I counted 79!" "We completed everything on the list. It was pretty normal"

## Telling time to Five Minutes exercise

Would you like to apply the knowledge you’ve learnt? You can review and practice it with the tasks for the video Telling time to Five Minutes.
• ### What time did Zuri and Freddie collect space dust?

Hints

Which hour has the short hand just passed? In this example it has just passed 10, so the hour is 10.

Remember to count in fives from 12 to find the minutes. In this example the minute hand is at 6, so counting in fives from 12 gets you to 30.

Solution
• Zuri and Freddie needed to collect space dust at 12:45.
• The short hand had passed 12 most recently so the hour is 12.
• Then if you count in fives from 12 to the long hand you reach 45.
• When you put the hour and the minutes together you get the time of 12:45!
• ### Can you match the times?

Hints

Have a look at each hour hand, could this help you to find the correct times?

Find the number the short hand has just passed, for example 8.

Remember to count in fives from 12 to find the minutes, for example 20.

Solution

Remember to find the hour first then find the minutes.

For example, for the first question, if the short hand has most recently passed 11 then the hour is 11.

To find the minutes, count in fives from 12 until you reach the long hand. In this case the long hand is at 6 so counting in fives from 12 will get you to 30. So the time is 11:30.

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For the second question the short hand had most recently passed 9 so the hour is 9. The long hand is at 3 so we count in fives from 12 to 3 and reach 15. The time is 9:15.

For the third question the short hand had most recently passed 4 so the hour is 4. The long hand is at 11 so we count in fives from 12 round until we get to 11. This gets us to 55 so the time is 4:55.

For the fourth question the short hand had just passed 7 so the hour is 7. The long hand is at 2 so we count in fives from 12 until we get to 2. This gets us to 10 so the time is 7:10.

• ### What time did Zuri and Freddie need to complete their other tasks?

Hints

Pay close attention to which number the hour hand has most recently passed.

Have you counted in fives from 12 to reach the long hand to find the minutes?

Solution

Remember to always check which number the short hand has just passed - this is the hour e.g. in the first pair it is 11. Then count in fives from 12 until you reach the long hand - this is the minutes e.g. 45. Put the hour and minutes together to get the time, 11:45.

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• In the second pair the short hand is at 9 so the hour is 9. The minute hand is still at 12. There is no need to count in fives so the minute is 00. The time is 9:00 or 9 'o' clock.
• In the third pair the short hand has just passed 5 so the hour is 5. If you count in fives from 12 round to 10 you reach 50, so the time is 5:50.
• In the fourth pair, the short hand has just passed 6 so the hour is 6. If you count in fives from 12 to 2 you get to 10, so the time is 6:10.
• ### Can you write the correct times?

Hints

Make sure you have set out your time as described in the task at the top!

What is the first step to solve this? What is the second step?

Check the hour first by finding the number the short hand has just passed.

Count in fives from 12 to reach the long hand to find the minutes.

Solution

The example above shows us how to find the time on the first clock. The short hand has most recently passed 1 so the hour is 1.

The long hand is at 6 so we count in fives from 12 to 6 and reach 30, so the minutes are 30.

The time is 1:30.

Make sure you have written the time using digits with a colon between the hour and minutes.

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• For the second clock the hour hand has most recently passed 3 so the hour is 3. Counting in fives from 12 to reach the long hand gets us to 20 so the time is 3:20.
• For the third clock the hour hand has most recently passed 5 so the hour is 5. Counting in fives from 12 to reach the long hand gets us to 45 so the time is 5:45.
• For the fourth clock the hour hand has most recently passed 8 so the hour is 8. Counting in fives from 12 to reach the long hand gets us to 55 so the time is 8:55.
• For the fifth clock the hour hand has most recently passed 10 so the hour is 10. Counting in fives from 12 to reach the long hand gets us to 35 so the time is 10:35.
• For the sixth clock the hour hand has most recently passed 7 so the hour is 7. Counting in fives from 12 to reach the long hand gets us to 5 so the time is 7:05.
• ### How can you tell the time to five minutes?

Hints

Put the hour and the minutes together to tell the time.

Solution

We...

1. Find the last number the short hand has passed. This is the hour.
2. Find where the long hand is pointing to.
3. Count in fives from 12 round to where the long hand is. The number you reach is the minutes.
4. Put the hour and the minutes together.
5. Tell the time!
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For example:

Start off by looking for the number that the short hand has most recently passed, this is the hour e.g. 12. Next you need to find the minutes. To do this, find the long hand then count in fives from 12 until you reach the long hand e.g. 45. Put the hour and the minutes together to tell the time e.g. 12:45!

• ### Can you find the incorrect times?

Hints

Have you worked out which hour the short hand has just passed?

Have you counted in fives to find where the long hand is?

Remember, only highlight the incorrect part.

Solution
• The first time was incorrect, Zuri and Freddie needed to count on once more in fives to get to 10:10.
• The second time was incorrect, Zuri and Freddie hadn't counted far enough in fives to find the correct minute; 11:35.
• The third time was correct, well done Zuri and Freddie!
• The fourth time was incorrect, Zuri and Freddie had not found the correct hour; it should have said 5:15.