Subtraction Word Problems up to Twenty

Content Subtraction Word Problems up to Twenty
Do you want to learn faster and more easily?

Then why not use our learning videos, and practice for school with learning games.

Rating

Be the first to give a rating!
The authors
Team Digital

Subtraction – Word Problems

Subtraction word problems are simple subtraction word problems that ask the learner to solve by first reading or listening to the word problem, understanding the information from the word problems involving subtraction of whole numbers, and then ask them to find the answer to the word problems using subtraction. In the next section we will look at an example of word problems in subtraction.

Word Problems with Subtraction – Example

What is an example of a subtraction word problem? This section will explain how to solve subtraction word problems by looking at basic subtraction word problems. Let’s begin:

• The first step is to read or listen to the word problem. As you read or listen, think; what do I need to figure out?’, and highlight the question you need to solve by looking for the question mark.
• The second step is to read or listen to the word problem again and highlight the clue words and numbers. Clue words are words that tell us the important information we need to figure out the answer.
• The third step is to think: Do I add or subtract? How do you know when to subtract in a word problem? There are certain words that mean subtraction in word problems
• The fourth step is to write a number sentence and use drawings to help you solve it!
• The last step is to write down the answer to the subtraction problem.

Here we highlight “How many are left?”,because that's what we need to find out!

The second step is to read or listen to the word problem again and highlight the clue words and numbers. Clue words are words that tell us the important information we need to find the answer! Here, we highlight, "fourteen cows”, because that's how many cows were there at first. We also highlight, "three cows leave", because that tells us how many left to drink water.

The third step is to think: ‘Do I add or subtract?’ as we sometimes have to solve both addition and subtraction word problems. How do you know when to subtract in a word problem? There are certain words that mean subtraction in word problems! In this subtraction word problem, "Three cows leave", tells us to subtract because they are going away!

The fourth step is to write a number sentence. The number sentence we need to solve is fourteen minus three equals question mark, because there were fourteen cows, and three left to go to the watering hole, so we work out fourteen minus three to see how many are left!

The last step is to solve the number sentence. We can draw circles to help us solve, so we have fourteen circles. Since we are subtracting three, we will cross off three. How many are left?

Fourteen minus three equals eleven! So we can answer that eleven cows are left.

Subtraction Word Problems Summary

How do you solve word problems with subtraction? Remember, to find the answer to a word problem using subtraction:

How do you solve word problems with subtraction? Remember, to find the answer to a word problem using subtraction:

Step # What to do
1 Read or listen to the word problem.
As you read, think; ‘what do I need to figure out?
2 Next, read or listen to it again and
highlight the clue words and numbers.
3 Then, think: ‘Do I add or subtract?’
4 Last, write a number sentence and use drawings

Have you practised solving word problems with subtraction within 1-20? On this website you can practise with interactive exercises for subtraction word problems and printable subtraction word problems when you have a look at our word subtraction problems worksheets for KS1.

Subtraction Word Problems up to Twenty exercise

Would you like to apply the knowledge you’ve learnt? You can review and practice it with the tasks for the video Subtraction Word Problems up to Twenty.
• What does SUBTRACT mean?

Hints

This picture shows a subtraction problem.

We use the minus (-) symbol when we subtract.

Subtraction is the opposite of addition.

Solution

Subtract means to take away from a group. When we take away from a group, there are less items left in that group.

• What are the steps to find the answer to a word problem using subtraction?

Hints

Step 1 is read or listen to the word problem.

Here is a hint for Step 2!

We need to know whether we are adding or subtracting before we write our number sentence.

Solving the number sentence is the final step.

Solution

Here are the correct order of steps. When solving word problems, it is very important to follow the correct order of steps to help get to the correct answer.

1. Read or listen to the word problem.
2. Highlight the clue words.
3. Do I add or subtract?
4. Write a number sentence.
5. Solve the number sentence.
• What number sentence matches the word problem?

Hints

The first number in the sentence is how many of the items there were to start with. How many apples did Henry and Skylar have in the beginning?

Next, we need to choose the symbol. Which symbol means to subtract or take away?

The final number is the answer to our subtraction question. How many apples are left after we subtract 7?

Solution

The equation should look like this:

19 - 7 = 12

This is because they had 19 apples to start with, they ate 7, so we subtract this. Finally, we can see how many are left.

• Solve the word problem.

Hints

Look for key words. What number do you need to start with? This is the amount of balloons that there are in the beginning.

If we subtract the green balloons, how many are we subtracting from the total?

You can use the picture to help fill in the number sentence.

Solution

The number sentence should look like this:

20 - 9 = 11

• How many sweets are left?

Hints

Mr. Squeaks had 17 sweets in the beginning.

Do we need to add or subtract 4, from the 17 that he started with?

As Mr. Squeaks gave away some sweets, we need to do a subtraction.

Solution

17 - 4 = 13

• Using pictures to solve subtraction word problems.

Hints

How many crayons did Anna start with? This is the number of circles in total that would be drawn.

How many crayons were given away? This is how many circles we cross out.

What is the answer to 12 - 4?

Solution

This image shows 12 - 4 = 8.

Anna has 12 crayons to start with, so we draw 12 circles.

She gave 4 away, so we cross out 4.

Finally, we count how many circles are left.