More and Fewer (to ten)
Basics on the topic More and Fewer (to ten)
What Does More Than Mean in Maths?
What do the words more and fewer mean? Let’s look at the definition of the term more in maths:
When someone uses the word more, they are adding to what they already have. We use the word more in maths to talk about addition.
What does the word fewer mean?
When someone uses the word fewer, they are saying they have less or they are taking away from something. When you add or subtract, you can count forwards or backwards to help.
More Than and Fewer Than
Using the words more and fewer can help to understand what is needed to do to solve a problem. When solving addition and subtraction equations, you can determine whether the result is more or less by following these steps:
Step #  What to do 

1  Start by creating an equation 
2  Count on if the equation uses more or addition. 
3  Count back if the equation uses less or subtraction. 
4  Finally, solve to find the answer! 
Fewer and More – Example
Imagine you had a box with eighteen screws, but you actually gave five away, so you now have fewer screws. Does fewer mean less or more? Fewer means less, so we need to subtract here. First set up an equation. Here the equation is eighteen minus five equals what? Next, count on or back. We need to count back because this is a subtraction problem.
What is eighteen minus five? Thirteen! Let’s practise again!
Imagine you have a box with twenty bolts and someone gives you seven more. When we use the word more, we are talking about an addition equation. First set up an equation, here it is twenty plus seven equals what? Next, count on or back. We need to count on because this is an addition problem.
What is twenty plus seven? Twentyseven!
More Fewer – Summary
Today we learnt about the terms more and fewer. We learnt that the word more is used to add something to what you already have and is usually used in addition equations. We also learnt that the word fewer is used to take away from what you already have, and is usually used in subtraction equations. We added and subtracted by creating equations and counting on or counting back afterwards to solve the equation. Here are the steps recapped for repetition. When you are asked if something is more or fewer, you should keep these steps in mind:
Create an equation.
Count on or count back.
Solve the equation to find the answer.
Looking for extra practice with more and fewer? Check out our more and fewer activities and interactive exercises featuring more and fewer word problems as well as our more and fewer worksheets.
Transcript More and Fewer (to ten)
It's a lovely day in the park, the sun is shining, Mr Squeaks is doing flips. Mr. Squeaks is doing flips?
When Mr. Squeaks was a teenager he used to be on a gymnastics team! But, how many tricks did he do with his team? Let's learn about "more and fewer, within ten" to help! What does the word MORE mean? When someone uses the word more, they are adding to what they already have. We use the word more in maths to talk about ADDITION. What does the word FEWER mean? When someone uses the word fewer, they are saying they have less, or they are taking away. We use the words fewer or less in maths to talk about SUBTRACTION. When you add or subtract, you can count on or back to help. Now that we've learnt a bit about 'more' and 'fewer', let's take a look at Mr. Squeaks' tricks. If he started with seven hops and added two more, how many did he do in total? We used the word MORE, so this will be an ADDITION equation. Start by creating an equation. Here we have seven plus two. Next, start with the larger number. Then, count on the smaller number. Here we will start with seven and count on two. Count with me! Seven, eight, nine. Mr. Squeaks did nine hops in total! SO, seven plus two equals nine. After his hops, Mr. Squeaks ALWAYS did flips. If he thought that he had done six, but he actually did three FEWER, how many flips did he do? We used the word FEWER, so this will be a SUBTRACTION equation. Start by creating an equation. Here, it is six minus three. Next, start with the larger number, six. Then, count backwards three, as three is the smaller number. Count back with me! Six, five, four, three. Mr. Squeaks did three flips in total. SO, six minus three equals three. The finale of his routine was mushroom stuffing! If he started with four mushrooms and added three more, how many did he stuff in total? Will this be subtraction or addition?
We used the word more, so it is addition. Start by creating an equation. Here, it is four plus three. Next, start with the larger number. Then, count on three, the smaller number. Count with me! Four, five, six, seven. Mr. Squeaks stuffed seven mushrooms in his cheeks. SO, four plus three equals seven. Before we hear more about the glory days, let's review. Today we learnt about MORE and FEWER. We learnt that in maths, more is used to talk about addition and fewer or less are used to talk about subtraction. We also added and subtracted by creating an equation, counting on or back, and finding the answer! Now, let's see about those flips! "Wow! You know, this sounds JUST like this book I read last week, the great hamster flips!"
More and Fewer (to ten) exercise

Match the story problem to the equation.
HintsThe dots help show the problem. You can count the dots to help solve the equation.
What does more tell you? Is this a subtraction or addition problem?
Solution4 + 3
 More tells you to use addition.
 There are 4 dots on the left and 3 dots on the right, so the equation is 4 + 3.
 There are 7 dots in total and 4 + 3 = 7

Arrange the steps to solving a problem.
HintsBefore you count on or back, what is the first step?
What is the last thing you need to do after you have found the solution?
Solution Write the equation.
 Starting with the larger number, count on or back with the smaller number.
 Find the solution.
 Write the solution after the equals sign.

Match the equation to the story problem.
HintsWhat does less tell you to do? Should you add or subtract?
Start at the larger number, 5, and count back by 2. How many dots are left when you count back 2?
Solution5  2 = 3
 Less means to subtract.
 Start at 5 and count back 2.
 The total is 3.

Complete the addition number sentence.
HintsCount the light purple and dark purple dots to help you find the equation.
Start at the larger number to count on to find the solution.
There are two amounts to add here to find the total.
Solution6 + 3 = 9
 More means to add.
 Start at 6 and count on 3.
 The total is 9.
 We could also find the answer by starting at the smaller number and counting on: 3 + 6 = 9

Determine which type of equation it is.
HintsUse the operation symbol to determine whether you need to add or subtract.
Here is an example of an addition equation: 3 + 4 = 7
SolutionAll of the equations with the plus sign are addition problems.
 5 + 4 = 9
 3 + 3 = 6
 5 + 5 = 10
 10  1 = 9
 7  3 = 4
 6  4 = 2

Find the matching equation pairs.
HintsCount on or back depending on which type of equation it is.
If the equation has a + symbol, count on.
If the equation has a  symbol, count back.
Solution 6 + 4 = 10. Start at 6 and count on 4. The total is 10.
 9 + 1 = 10. Start at 9 and count on 1. The total is 10.
 7  5 = 2. Start at 7 and count back 5. The total is 2.
 8  1 = 7. Start at 8 and count back 1. The total is 7.