Greater than / Less than
 Understanding Comparing Numbers
 Understanding Greater Than and Less Than – Definition
 Using Greater Than and Less Than Symbols – Example
 Using Greater Than and Less Than Symbols – Guided Practice
 Using Greater Than and Less Than Symbols – Application
 Using Greater Than and Less Than Symbols – Summary
 Using Greater Than and Less Than Symbols – Frequently Asked Questions
Basics on the topic Greater than / Less than
Understanding Comparing Numbers
Let's dive into the exciting world of comparing numbers using greater than, less than and equal to! These concepts are essential for understanding how numbers relate to each other. Whether you're comparing your favourite numbers or solving maths problems, knowing which number is bigger or smaller can be very helpful!
Understanding Greater Than and Less Than – Definition
Greater than (>) indicates that the number on the left is larger than the number on the right. Less than (<) indicates that the number on the left is smaller than the number on the right. Equal to (=) means both numbers are the same.
We always read number sentences from left to right. Let's explore how to compare numbers effectively.
Using Greater Than and Less Than Symbols – Example
Let's look at an example to understand how to compare numbers.
Is ten greater than or less than fourteen?
Step #  Process Step  Description 

1  Compare  Ten and fourteen. 
2  Determine  Ten is smaller than fourteen. 
3  Conclusion  Ten is less than fourteen. 
In number sentence form, we would write: 10 < 14
Using Greater Than and Less Than Symbols – Guided Practice
Take a look at these numbers: Is sixteen greater than or less than twelve?
Using Greater Than and Less Than Symbols – Application
Now it's your turn. Compare the numbers on your own.
Using Greater Than and Less Than Symbols – Summary
Key Learnings from this Text:
 The symbol > means greater than, and < means less than.
 Read number sentences from left to right to determine the relationship.
 Comparing numbers helps us understand which is bigger or smaller.
 Sometimes, the two numbers are the same, so we would say they are equal.
Keep practising comparing numbers with fun activities and interactive problems. Explore other content on our website, such as interactive practice problems, videos and printable worksheets to support your learning journey!
Using Greater Than and Less Than Symbols – Frequently Asked Questions
Transcript Greater than / Less than
"Henry, it's almost time for Dundee to get here, are you ready?" "Of course I am!"
"Hi, Dundee!" "Wait, I thought you were bringing food." "That's okay, we have some salad we can share with you!" While Skylar and Henry show Dundee the salad, they can use "greater than, less than" to talk about the amount of food. We compare numbers by talking about how big or small they are with the phrases greater than, or less than. Instead of writing the words greater than or less than, we use these symbols. Greater than is a way to talk about a number that is bigger than another. Less than is a way to talk about a number that is smaller than another. These symbols look like the opening of a crocodile's mouth, and the opening of the symbol ALWAYS points to the GREATER number. Just like Dundee always opens his mouth up for the bigger plate of food! Let's see what Skylar and Henry bring to Dundee first. Skylar brings Dundee fifteen carrots while Henry brings twentysix. Is fifteen greater than, or less than twentysix? Fifteen is less than twentysix When we compare two numbers, we create a maths sentence and can read it. Just like when we read sentences in books, when we read maths sentences we read from left to right. If we compare fifteen and twentysix, we would read it as fifteen is less than twentysix. It looks like Dundee has requested even more food! Skylar and Henry bring out some cucumbers to impress Dundee. This time Henry brings out thirty cucumbers while Skylar brings out twenty. How can we compare their plates of cucumbers? We can compare using greater than or less than. Is thirty greater than or less than twenty? It's greater than! That means we will use the greater than symbol. If we read our maths sentence we would say thirty is greater than twenty. Before we get to that party, let's summarise. Today we learnt about greater than and less than. It's a way to compare numbers using symbols. Greater than is a way to talk about a number that is bigger than another. Less than is a way to talk about a number that is smaller than another. We also learnt about the symbols used when creating a maths sentence with greater than and less than. Remember that the opening of the symbol ALWAYS opens towards the bigger number like Dundee opening their mouth towards the greater plate of food! Now, let's see about that party! "What do you mean, they ate all of the food we gave them?" "It's okay, we'll order a pizza for the party!" "Next time, let's give him fruit so he doesn't eat all of it!"
Greater than / Less than exercise

Show which number is greater.
HintsCount the images to work out which number is larger.
Remember, the greater than and less than signs are like hungry crocodiles. The opening faces the larger number.
Solution16 is the larger number, so we use the greater than symbol to say 16 > 12.
The opening faces the larger number.

Which symbol fits in the gap?
HintsThink about which number is greater. The opening of the symbol always faces the larger number.
When we write the greater than sign, it faces the greater number: 65 > 44.
When we write the less than sign, it faces away from the smaller number: 44 < 65
Solution11 is less than 38.

Which sentence matches the picture?
HintsRead the number, the sign, and the other number out loud to find your maths sentence.
Remember, the maths sentence is read from left to right.
For example, this reads fiftythree is greater than twentytwo.
SolutionThe sentence that matches 61>12 is sixtyone is greater than twelve.
We read the first number, sixtyone, followed by the sign, greater than, and the last number, twelve. The maths sentence is sixtyone is greater than twelve.

Which maths sentences are correct?
HintsRemember, the two numbers are 7 and 14. Which number is greater?
Try saying the maths sentence out loud.
SolutionThe numbers were 14 and 7. Since 14 is greater than 7, we write it using the greater than symbol (14 > 7).
Since 7 is less than 14, we write it using the less than symbol (7 < 14).
Dundee is going to eat the 14 cupcakes, since that is the greater amount!

Complete the sentence.
HintsRemember, the symbols (< >) look like a hungry crocodile's mouth!
Look at the example 10 > 2. Is the opening towards the bigger or smaller number here?
SolutionThe opening of the symbol always faces the bigger number!
Just like Dundee opens his mouth towards the biggest pile of food, the symbol opens towards the bigger number. Example: 5 > 3, 3 < 5.

Match the number sentence to the symbol.
HintsRemember, the symbol faces the larger number like a hungry crocodile.
Read the number sentence from left to right.
SolutionWe place the corresponding symbols by looking at which number is greater.
The greater than symbol is represented by > and the less than symbol is represented by <.
The crocodile mouth faces the greater number.