# Time Conjunctions

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## Time Order Signal Words

Have you ever asked yourself what time order words are? In this text we will learn how to use time order words. Time order words are also called conjunctions of time. In writing, time order words are often used to turn lists of thoughts into logical stories following a timeline.

## Conjunctions of Time – Meaning

Time conjunctions act as signal words to tell us when something is happening. They are words like first, next and finally. Sentences with time conjunctions help writers keep their stories in order and show time passing from beginning to end.

## Conjunctions of Time – Examples

Examples of time conjunctions include words such as first, next, after that, then and finally. When we write time conjunctions sentences, we can start with a list numbered one, two, three where each event is written in order. Then we swap the numbers for the words first, next and finally.

Number one is first on the list, so we can use the word first in its place.

Number two is second on the list, so we can use the word next in its place.

Three is the last or final number in our list, so we can use the word finally in its place.

Our final step is to rewrite the new sentences next to each other. The list is now a story!

## Conjunctions of Time – Summary

• Time conjunctions definition: words that connect ideas together and signal the passing of time.

• When we use time conjunctions, we tell the reader the order that something happened.

• We can switch the numbers in a one-two-three list with the words first, next and finally.

• Then, we rewrite the sentences next to one another to finish the story!

Turning back to the previous example, this is how you apply the time order words first, next and last:

Time order word Usage
First “First, I got out of the plane.”
Next “Next, I jumped out.”
Last “Last, I landed.”

## Conjunctions of Time – Further Practice

Have you practised yet? On this website, you can also find a time conjunctions worksheet as well as further KS1 time conjunctions activities and exercises.

### TranscriptTime Conjunctions

Ernie and Jane are sending cards to their family and friends. Each card has a photo of their favourite thing that happened this year. What wonderful memories! On the back, Ernie and Jane want to write what they were doing in the pictures. They have their lists ready, but need to learn about "Time Conjunctions" to finish their cards. Time conjunctions are words that tell us WHEN something is happening. We start by putting our story events in order of one, two, three so they make sense.

Now, we can use these special words, 'FIRST', 'NEXT', 'FINALLY', to turn our list into a story. We call these TIME CONJUNCTIONS. They help writers keep their stories in order AND show time passing from beginning to end. Let's look at our list. Number one is first on the list, so we can use the word first in its place. Number two is second on the list, so we can use the word next in its place. Three is the last number on our list, so we can use the word finally in its place. Our final step is to RE-WRITE our new sentences next to each other. And voila, our list is now a story!

Let's teach Jane together! Here is Jane's list: One, I got on the plane. Two, I jumped out. Three, I landed! Our first step is to switch the number ONE with the word FIRST. FIRST, I got on the plane. Then, we switch the number TWO with the word NEXT. NEXT, I jumped out. Our last step is to switch the number THREE with the word FINALLY. FINALLY, I landed! We can then re-write our new sentences next to each other. Let's read Jane's card togther! FIRST, I got on the plane. NEXT, I jumped out. FINALLY, I landed! Now that Jane's cards are ready, let's help Ernie. Ernie's list says: One, I got a box. Two, I opened the box. Three, I hung my new hammock! Start by switching number ONE with FIRST. First, I got a box! Then, switch number TWO with NEXT. Next, I opened the box. And then switch number THREE with FINALLY. Finally, I hung my new hammock! Now, re-write the new sentences next to each other. Let's read Ernie's card together! First, I got a box! Next, I opened the box. Finally, I hung my new hammock! "Let's post our cards!" As Ernie and Jane send the cards, let's remember! Today we learnt about the time conjunctions, first, next, and finally. They tell us WHEN something happens. We can switch the numbers in a one-two-three list with the words FIRST, NEXT, and FINALLY. When we use time conjunctions, we tell the reader the order in which something happened. Then, we re-write the sentences next to one another to finish the story! Look what's waiting when they return home!

## Time Conjunctions exercise

Would you like to apply the knowledge you’ve learnt? You can review and practice it with the tasks for the video Time Conjunctions.
• ### Match time conjunctions with the pictures.

Hints

The sun rises at the beginning of the day.

The sun is out in the middle of the day.

The moon is out at the end of the day.

Which time conjunctions match to the beginning, middle and end?

Solution
1. The sun rises at the beginning of the day, so this comes first.
2. The sun is out in the middle of the day, so this comes next.
3. The moon is out at the end of the day, so this comes last and we use the word finally.
• ### Can you help Ernie order his story?

Hints

Think about the order of the story. Would Ernie open the box before or after he got it?

Ernie would open the box after he got it, so that means that Ernie opening the box cannot match with the word, first.

Solution
1. First, Ernie got a box.
2. Next, Ernie opened the box.
3. Finally, Ernie hung his new hammock.
• ### Can you help Ernie and Jane remember the important time conjunction words?

Hints

Use the pictures of the sky changing during the day to help you remember the order of the words.

When building a snowman, a ball needs rolling first.

Finally, a hat is placed on the top.

Solution
1. First, a ball is rolled.
2. Next, the balls are placed on top of each other.
3. Finally, a face, buttons and a hat are added.
• ### Can you put Jane's new story into sentences?

Hints

Look for the time words in the sentences to help you put them into the correct order.

Point 1 on the list says Jane got some seeds. This comes first in the story.

Solution

First, I got some seeds. Next, I planted the seeds. Finally, flowers grew.

This is how we put Jane's list into a story using time openers.

• ### Label the picture with the time conjunctions.

Hints

We use the word first at the beginning of a story. Which picture is the beginning of the day?

We use the word next in the middle of a story. Which picture is the middle of the day?

We use the word finally at the end of a story. Which picture is the end of the day?

Solution
• First, the sun rises.
• Next, the sun shines in the sky.
• Finally, the sun sets and the moon is in the sky.
• ### Can you make a story?

Hints

Look for the time conjunction words to help you sort the sentences.

• The sentence that starts with first comes at the beginning.
• The sentence that starts with finally comes at the end.
• Use the list to help you order the middle two sentences.
Solution

Here we can see the sentences in the correct order to create Tom's story:

First, I put my shoes on. Next, I got in the car. Then, we got to the beach. Finally, I swam in the sea.