# Subordinating Conjunctions

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## Basics on the topicSubordinating Conjunctions

Join Pip and Koko and learn about subordinating conjunctions.

## Subordinating Conjunctions exercise

Would you like to apply the knowledge you’ve learnt? You can review and practice it with the tasks for the video Subordinating Conjunctions.
• ### Which sentences have subordinating conjunctions?

Hints

Sentences with a subordinating conjunction will have a dependent and an independent clause in the sentence.

Only two of these sentences contain subordinating conjunctions.

Some common subordinating conjunctions are where, if, since, however, before, once, now that and even though.

Solution

The sentences with subordinating conjunctions are:

• We visited the house where I grew up.
• Even though it was cold, we went swimming.
The conjunction where expresses location. It shows the house they are visiting is the place they grew up.

The conjunction even though expresses contrast. They went swimming despite the fact the water was cold.

• ### Can you find all of the subordinating conjunctions?

Hints

In this sentence, the subordinating conjunction is even though.

A subordinating conjunction is a word that links an independent clause to a dependent clause.

Some common subordinating conjunctions are where, if, since, however, before, once, now that and even though.

There are four subordinating conjunctions to highlight.

Solution

The words since, once, before and if are subordinating conjunctions.

The conjunction since shows the cause for them going to the beach.

The conjunction once shows the time they put on sun cream.

The conjunction before shows the time they returned home.

The conjunction if shows the condition under which they would return to the beach tomorrow.

• ### What relationship does the subordinating conjunction show?

Hints

To work out the relationship shown by the word before think about the dependent and independent clauses in the sentence.

How does eating dinner relate to washing your hands?

In this sentence, even though shows contrast. The two clauses express opposite ideas.

Subordinating conjunctions that express condition show that something depends on or is caused by something else.

In this sentence, if shows the weather condition that would cause a cancellation.

Solution

In this sentence, the subordinating conjunction before shows time.

First, you wash your hands and then you eat dinner.

• ### Which subordinating conjunction should you use?

Hints

Read each sentence out loud using the five different choices of subordinating conjunctions.

Which word makes sense in each gap?

Subordinating conjunctions show different relationships.

If shows condition.

Since shows cause.

Before shows time.

Where shows location.

However shows contrast.

What relationship do you see between the two clauses in each sentence?

Solution

The correct sentences are:

1. He will go to the cinema if he can get his homework done. If shows the condition under which he can go to the cinema.

2. Since she was unwell, she left school early. Since shows the cause for her leaving school.

3. She promised to be here, however, she never arrived. However shows the contrast between these two ideas.

4. This is the park where he plays football. Where shows the location where he plays football.

• ### Which subordinating conjunction fits best?

Hints

Read the sentence out loud with the four different word choices.

Which word makes sense at the start?

This sentence starts with a subordinating conjunction that links the independent to the dependent clause.

Under is not a subordinating conjunction, it is a preposition.

Subordinating conjunctions show different relationships.

Once shows time.

However shows contrast.

Where shows location.

What type of relationship makes sense between the light turning green and cars going?

Solution

Once is the subordinating conjunction that fits best.

The complete sentence is: Once the light turns green, the cars can go.

Once shows the time when cars are able to go. Cars can start moving as soon as the light turns green.

• ### Can you match the subordinating conjunctions to the relationships they show?

Hints

Some common subordinating conjunctions are where, if, since, however, before, once, now that and even though.

Find the subordinating conjunction in each sentence and then think about what relationship it shows.

In this sentence, once shows the relationship of time.

They are going camping as soon as the summer holidays begin.

Solution

1. Once shows time. They are going camping as soon as the summer holidays begin.
2. However shows contrast. Being tired and still playing are opposite ideas.

3. If shows condition. In order to have friends over, she must first clean her room.

4. Where shows location. You will find bees in places with flowers.