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Lower case Letters

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Basics on the topic Lower case Letters

Lowercase Letters

You have probably noticed that different types of letters are used at the beginning of a sentence. Those are uppercase letters. What are lowercase letters? A lowercase letter means a letter that is smaller, or shorter, than its bigger letter partner. Let’s learn more about lowercase letters of the alphabet and how to identify them with the following explanation.

Lowercase Letters – Definition

A lowercase letter means a letter that is smaller, or shorter, than its bigger letter partner.

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All the letters in the alphabet have two sizes: big and little.The little letters are called lowercase letters. It is easy to remember because little and lower start with the same letter: L. Lowercase letters are smaller, or shorter, than their bigger letter buddies. Most only reach the middle line on a piece of paper.

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Some lowercase letters do reach the top, blue line, but they are still smaller than their bigger letter buddies.

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Lowercase Letters – Examples

For example, look at the letter ‘d’. The little ‘d’ reaches the top line but its belly is still smaller than the bigger D.

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Two letters, ‘i’ and ‘j’, stay mostly below the middle line except for the tiny dot that floats above them!

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All the letters in the alphabet can be written as lowercase.

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Identifying Lowercase Letters

Can you pick out the lowercase letters in the picture below? Remember, lowercase letters are smaller and shorter.

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The lowercase letters are ‘g’, ‘r’, ‘a’ and ‘d’. The letters ‘g’, ‘r’, and ‘a’ are lowercase because they only reach the middle, red line.

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The letter ‘d’ is lowercase because its belly is smaller than the big D’s.

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Lowercase Letters – Summary

Let’s look at the most important information about lowercase letters:

  • All the letters in the alphabet have two sizes: big and little.

  • The little letters are called lowercase letters.

  • They are smaller or shorter than their bigger letter buddies.

  • We can write the whole alphabet as lowercase letters.

Do you want to practise some more? On this website, you can also find interactive exercises, worksheets and more activities on lowercase letters.

Lower case Letters exercise

Would you like to apply the knowledge you’ve learnt? You can review and practice it with the tasks for the video Lower case Letters.
  • What do you know about lower case letters?

    Hints

    What letter does lower case start with?

    The answer starts with the same letter!

    Do you see the word low in lower case?

    Most of the lower case letters are lower than their capital letter partner.

    Solution

    Lower case letters are little letters in the alphabet. They are usually smaller and shorter than their capital letter partner.

  • Are these letters capital or lower case?

    Hints

    Remember, lower case letters are usually smaller and shorter.

    Match the smaller letters to the big circle on the right.

    If you're stuck, compare the capital and lower case letters together.

    Lower case letters are usually smaller, shorter or thinner.

    Which T is smaller?

    Solution

    N and A are capital letters.

    t and p are lower case letters.

  • Can you spot the lower case letters?

    Hints

    Think of both versions of each letter if you get stuck.

    The lower case letters are usually the smaller or shorter letter in the pair!

    Most lower case letters stay below the dotted middle line.

    Solution

    The lower case letters are: f, d, y, m and i.

    The capital letters are: P, E and J.

  • Alphabet soup.

    Hints

    There are 11 lower case letters. Can you find them all?

    The picture shows the capital and lower case form of 4 letters.

    Can you tell which are lower case by comparing them?

    Solution

    Here we can see just the lower case letters in the soup.

    • The lower case letters are: b, r, j, t, m, e, q, y, l, d and n.
    • A, B, D, L, M, Q and R are capital letters.
  • Alphabet scramble!

    Hints

    Remember, we can write every letter of the alphabet in two ways - big and small.

    Can you match the big and little, or capital and lower case, versions of each letter together?

    See how h has a long, up-and-down line? It's match has one too!

    Look for a letter that has at least one long up-and-down line.

    Solution

    The capital and lower case letter pairs are:

    • X and x
    • G and g
    • S and s
    • H and h
  • Whose name is spelt in the lower case letters?

    Hints

    The capital letter, I, and lower case letter, l, look similar.

    Capital I has two small lines on the top and bottom, but lower case l has one little tail on the bottom right.

    Be careful not to confuse them!

    There are 4 lower case letters to find!

    Solution

    It's Kala!

    The lower case letters in the text are: k, a, l and a. That spells Kala!