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## Linking Ideas with Transitions exercise

Would you like to apply the knowledge you’ve learnt? You can review and practice it with the tasks for the video Linking Ideas with Transitions .
• ### Which words are cause and effect transitions?

Hints

Words that indicate that something happened as a result of another event show cause and effect.

Cause and effect transitions include because, as a result, due to, and therefore.

There are two cause and effect transitions to highlight.

Solution

The word because indicates that it is telling you the cause of something else happening.

The phrase as a result indicates that the event in the sentence happened because of what happened in the previous sentence, showing cause and effect.

• ### Which words are order transition words?

Hints

Order transitions show the order in which things happened. Order transitions indicate which things happened first, next, or later

Order transitions include first, then, recently, before, and meanwhile.

While most shockingly is a transition, it is not an order transition.

There are three order transition words to highlight.

Solution

The word first indicates when the event happened in relation to the other events in the paragraph; it happened first, or before the others.

The word then indicates that it happened next.

The word recently tells us that the event in that sentence happened after the events listed before.

• ### Which transition would best fill in the blank?

Hints

Compare and contrast transitions help to show how similar and different two things are.

Compare and contrast transitions include however, on the other hand, in contrast and similar to.

Are we stating a similarity or a difference after the blank?

Solution

On the other hand is a phrase that indicates that the emphasis has switched to the other thing being compared. While the apple has more fibre, the orange has more potassium and folate. This is the correct answer.

Apples and oranges are both kinds of fruit. They both grow on trees and they can both be eaten by humans. However, their nutritional values are different. A large apple contains more fibre than a large orange. On the other hand, an orange contains more potassium and folate than an apple does. While there are similarities between the two fruits, they meet different nutritional needs in humans.

• ### Types of transitions.

Hints

Listing transitions are used to list examples or give elaboration.

Emphasising transitions are used to emphasise one idea as being important.

Transitions used to summarise indicate that we are concluding the writing on this topic by summarising and providing closure.

Cause and effect transitions show that one thing caused another event to happen.

Order transitions show us the order in which events happened.

Compare and contrast transitions show us how two things are similar and different.

Solution
• For example is a listing transition because it gives an example or clarifies an idea.
• Primarily is an emphasising transition because it emphasises a particular idea.
• In conclusion is a transition used to summarise because it tells us that the author is concluding their writing with a summary.
• As a result is a cause and effect transition because it shows that something happened because of something else.
• First is an order transition because it shows the order in which events happened.
• In contrast is a compare and contrast transition because it shows how two things are different.
• ### Which transition does not show order?

Hints

Order transitions are words that help us know when something happened in relation to other things.

Order transitions include first, then, recently, before, and meanwhile.

Solution

On the other hand is not an order transition. It does not tell us when something happened in relation to other events, so it is the correct answer.

First is an order transition. It helps us see in what order something happened.

Then is an order transition. If one thing happened, then another thing happened, we know the order of events.

Before is an order transition. It indicates when an event occurred compared to another event.

• ### Can you find the transitions?

Hints

Transitions are used to link ideas. Transitions can list, order, emphasise, compare and contrast, show cause and effect or summarise.

Transition words can compare and contrast two things or ideas.

Transition words can show cause and effect, like those in the image here.

There are four transitions to highlight in this paragraph.

Solution

However is a compare and contrast transition word because it contrasts two things or ideas.

Then is a transition word that shows order.

Due to is a transition that shows cause and effect.

On the other hand is a compare and contrast transition because it contrasts two ideas.