Key Ideas: Details in a Text
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Basics on the topic Key Ideas: Details in a Text
Join Otis and Pearl and see how words and illustrations together can help us to find out what texts are about.
Transcript Key Ideas: Details in a Text
"Otis! Look, look over there! It says there's a space room. Are those real space suits!?" "The sign says, 'Before entering, enlighten yourself with some facts about the sun'." Let's find out more about the sun by learning about key ideas: details in a text. The key idea, or main idea, is what the text is mostly about. Illustrations are pictures or drawings in a text that help us to understand the key idea. When we read, we use the illustrations and the text together to get more information about the key idea. For example, Pearl and Otis first see this illustration of the sun. Without reading the text, let's look at the picture and predict or guess what the text is about. Here we see the sun and a thermometer, which is used to measure the temperature, or how hot or cold something is. Since it goes all the way to the top, we can guess the text will be about the sun and say that it's hot. Now, let's read the text. It says, 'The sun is very hot. It is about five thousand five hundred degrees celsius at the surface.' The illustration told us the text was about the sun being hot and the text gave us more details by telling us the temperature. Next, Otis and Pearl find more information about the sun. Before we look at the illustration, let's see what the text tells us. Then, we will predict what the picture will be! It says, 'The sun is a star.' What do you think the illustration will show? One guess or prediction could be that we will see the sun in outer space. Let's see if that's right! Here we see the sun in outer space. What else do you see? There are many other stars near the sun! The illustration gave us more details about the sun! Otis and Pearl have one last picture with some information about the sun next to it. Before we read this information, let's look at the illustration and predict what the text will be about. What do you see? We see the sun shining on a flower and the flower looks happy. What do you think the text will be about? One prediction could be that flowers like the sun since this one is smiling. Let's see if that's right! The text says, 'Flowers need the sun to grow.' The illustration showed us that flowers like the sun and the text gave us more details by telling us that flowers need the sun to grow. Otis and Pearl are ready for the space room! Whilst they put their spacesuits on, let's review. Remember, the key idea, or main idea, is what the text is mostly about. Illustrations are pictures or drawings in a text that help us to understand the key idea. When we read, we use the illustrations and the text together to get more information about the key idea.
Key Ideas: Details in a Text exercise
Understanding pictures and stories.Hints
What are the special drawings that help us know more about the text?
What do we call the most important thing in a text?Solution
The correct answers are:
Illustrations are pictures or drawings in a text that help us understand the key idea.
The key idea, or main idea, is what the text is mostly about.
Using illustrations and details in a text.Hints
What can we guess about the story by looking at the illustrations?
Why is it good to use illustrations and details in a text together?Solution
The correct answer is to provide more information and help understand the key idea.
Illustrations and text help us understand what the story is mostly about. When we look at the illustrations and read the text together, we can learn more about the key idea.
Using pictures to make predictions.Hints
What is the frog holding in his hands?
What might the stars represent?
Think about how the frog is dressed. Can you think of anyone else who might dress like this?Solution
The correct answer is: The frog is performing a magic trick.
We can make this prediction based on the frog's costume, the magic hat in his hand and the stars that suggest something exciting is happening.
Which illustration would work with this text?Hints
What type of animals are Sammy and Bella?
What did Sammy and Bella share?
Did Sammy and Bella play basketball?Solution
This is the correct image.
You can come to this conclusion by identifying the following details from the text:
In a forest, a squirrel named Sammy loved to explore. One day, Sammy found a shiny acorn by a tall tree. He hopped up and down! Then, he saw his friend, a friendly bird named Bella. They chatted about their day and shared some acorns. Sammy and Bella had a fantastic time together.
Predicting from pictures.Hints
Is the thermometer high or low? What might that mean?
Think about things that are hot. What could the text be about based on this picture?Solution
The correct answer is: The text will be about the sun.
We can predict from the picture that the text will be about the sun because the thermometer goes all the way to the top, suggesting it's hot.
What is the key idea?Hints
Look at the picture. What does it tell us about Ellie the dog?
Pay attention to what Ellie does and how she behaves.
Focus on words that show how Ellie interacts with others or how she responds to certain situations.Solution
- The correct key idea is: Ellie is a caring and cheerful companion.
Ellie is a loyal dog with soft, golden fur and a heart full of excitement. Whether chasing a bouncing ball or going for long walks, Ellie's tail wags non-stop. Sometimes Ellie enjoys napping in the sun. Her favourite trick is giving big, wet kisses whenever someone's feeling down.